There were a number of women who held titles in their own rights. Eleanor of Aquitaine and Empress Matilda were duchesses of Aquitaine and Normandy respectively, and had highe…st power there, subject only to the king. There were a number of women who were queens regnant, also, and this could be done in England, Scotland, several of the small kingdoms that united to form Spain, Poland, and elsewhere. There were reigning Byzantine Empresses. In some countries, a woman could not be a monarch, and in most countries, women were behind their brothers in inheriting a title. The result that there were fewer women in power than men. But they were there.